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My Missing Countries

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Tuesday, October 22, 2013

Reptiles




CHINESE ALLIGATOR.  The Chinese alligator (simplified Chinese: 扬子鳄; traditional Chinese: 揚子鱷, (yáng zǐ è) Alligator sinensis) is one of two known living species of Alligator, a genus in the family Alligatoridae. It is native only to eastern China.  Read more about Chinese alligator HERE.








CHAMELEON.  They (family Chamaeleonidae) are a distinctive and highly specialized clade of lizards. The approximately 180 species of chameleon come in a range of colors, and many species have the ability to change colors. They are found in warm habitats that range from rain forest to desert conditions, various species occurring in Africa, Madagascar, southern Europe, and across southern Asia as far as Sri Lanka. They also have been introduced to Hawaii, California, and Florida, and often are kept as household pets.  Read more about chameleon HERE


PANTHER CHAMELEON.  The panther chameleon (Furcifer pardalis) is a species of chameleon found in the eastern and northern parts of Madagascar[3] in a tropical forest biome. Additionally, it has been introduced to Réunion and Mauritius.  Read more about panther chameleon HERE.




DWARF CROCODILE. (Osteolaemus tetraspis), also known as the African dwarf, broad-snouted or bony crocodile is an African crocodile. It is also the smallest extant crocodile species in the world. Dwarf crocodiles are a little-known species so, unlike their more studied relatives, conservationists aren't as aware of how their populations are faring under the growing human pressure over the ecosystems where they abide. Where survey data is available, it shows some degree of decline, either by hunting for bush meat or habitat loss due to deforestation. However, it is a widely spread, and presumably numerous, species so is not as endangered as other forest denizens.  Read more about dwarf crocodile HERE.



GHARIAL CROCODILE.  The global wild gharial population is estimated at fewer than 235 individuals, which are threatened by loss of riverine habitat, depletion of fish resources, and entanglement in fishing nets. As the population has declined drastically in the past 70 years, the gharial is listed as Critically Endangered  on the IUCN Red List.





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MARINE IGUANA.  The marine iguana (Amblyrhynchus cristatus) is an iguana found only on the Galápagos Islands that has the ability, unique among modern lizards, to live and forage in the sea, making it a marine reptile. The iguana can dive over 9 m (30 ft) into the water. It has spread to all the islands in the archipelago, and is sometimes called the Galápagos marine iguana. It mainly lives on the rocky Galápagos shore to warm from the comparably cold water, but can also be spotted in marshes and mangrove beaches.  Read more about marine iguana here HERE.

TURKS AND CAICOS ROCK IGUANA





GREEN TREE PYTHON.  These snakes are often bred and kept in captivity, although they are usually considered an advanced species due to their specific care requirements; once these are met, they thrive in captivity. Wild-caught individuals often carry parasites and don't always tame down, so have even further care requirements. The majority of captive-bred individuals, though, are very docile. With the development of artificial incubation, this species became much more available in captivity.  Read more about green tree python HERE.


INDIAN PYTHON.  Python molurus is a large nonvenomous python species found in many tropic and subtropic areas of Southern and Southeast Asia. It is known by the common names Indian python, black-tailed python and Indian rock python. The species is limited to Southern Asia. It is generally lighter colored than the Burmese python and reaches usually 3 metres (9.8 ft). The Indian Python is classified as Lower Risk/Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (v2.3, 1996). This listing indicates that it may become threatened with extinction and is in need of frequent reassessment.  Read more about indian python HERE.


RETICULATED PYTHON.  Python reticulatus, also known as the (Asiatic) reticulated python, is a species of python found in Southeast Asia. Adults can grow to 6.95 m (22.8 ft) in length[5] but normally grow to an average of 3–6 m (9.8–19.7 ft). They are the world's longest snakes and longest reptile, but are not the most heavily built. Like all pythons, they are nonvenomous constrictors and normally not considered dangerous to humans. Although large specimens are powerful enough to kill an adult human, attacks are only occasionally reported.  Read more about reticulated python HERE.













GALAPAGOS TORTOISE or Galápagos giant tortoise (Chelonoidis nigra) is the largest living species of tortoise and the 14th-heaviest living reptile. Modern giant tortoises can weigh up to 250 kg; even larger versions, now extinct, roamed every continent except Antarctica and Australia into the Pleistocene (<1 .8="" 1000="" 700="" about="" ago="" aldabra="" and="" archipelagos:="" due="" east="" ecuador="" exist="" font="" gal="" galapagos="" in="" indian="" km="" million="" more="" ocean="" of="" on="" only="" pagos="" read="" remote="" tanzania.="" the="" they="" today="" tortoise="" two="" west="" years="">HERE


RADIATED TORTOISE.  Although this species is native to and most abundant in southern Madagascar, it can be also be found in the rest of this island, and has been introduced to the islands of Réunion and Mauritius. As the radiated tortoises are herbivores, grazing constitutes 80-90% of their diets, while they also eat fruits and succulent plants. These tortoises are critically endangered due to habitat loss, being poached for food, and being over exploited in the pet trade.  Read more about radiated tortoise HERE.


ASIATIC SOFTSHELL TURTLE is found in wetlands and rivers, mostly in different parts of Asia. In this region, they are exploited for trade and harvested for food. With business developing that rely on the exploitation of Amyda cartilaginea, the population of this species has declined. There is more worry now than ever about the danger of the Asiatic soft-shell's exploitation. In fact, it is hard to say exactly how much longer this species will be around. Read more HERE






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