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My Missing Countries

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Monday, October 21, 2013

Fish









BOWMOUTH GUITARFISH.  Throughout its range, the bowmouth guitarfish is caught incidentally or intentionally by artisanal and commercial fisheries using trawls, gillnets, and line gear. The fins are extremely valuable due to their use in shark fin soup, and are often the only parts of the fish kept and brought to market. However, the meat may also be sold fresh or dried and salted, and it is highly esteemed in India. When caught as bycatch in trawls, the bowmouth guitarfish is considered a nuisance because its strength and rough skin make it difficult to handle, and as the heavy ray thrashes in the net it can damage the rest of the catch.  Read more about bowmouth guitarfish HERE.




COMMON CARP. The common carp (Cyprinus carpio) is a widespread freshwater fish of eutrophic waters in lakes and large rivers in Europe and Asia. The wild populations are considered vulnerable to extinction, but the species has also been domesticated and introduced into environments worldwide. Read more about common carp HERE.







FLYING FISH.  Flying fish can make powerful, self-propelled leaps out of water into air, where their long, wing-like fins enable gliding flight for considerable distances above the water's surface. This uncommon ability is a natural defense mechanism to evade predators.  Read more about flying fish HERE.










HARLEQUIN TUSKFISH is a species of wrasse native to the western Pacific Ocean. It occasionally makes its way into the aquarium trade. Read more about harlequin tuskfish HERE.









MANDARIN FISH.  The mandarinfish or mandarin dragonet (Synchiropus splendidus), is a small, brightly colored member of the dragonet family, which is popular in the saltwater aquarium trade. The mandarinfish is native to the Pacific, ranging approximately from the Ryukyu Islands south to Australia.  Read more about mandarin fish HERE.







PIRACUCU, arapaimaor paiche are any large species of bonytongue in the genus Arapaima native to the Amazon and Essequibo basins of South America. Genus Arapaima is the type genus of the family Arapaimidae. They are among the world's largest freshwater fish, reaching as much as 3 m (9.8 ft.). They are an important food fish. They have declined in the native range due to overfishing and habitat loss. In contrast, arapaima have been introduced to several tropical regions outside the native range (within South America and elsewhere) where they are sometimes considered invasive species. Its local name, pirarucu, derives from the indigenous words for "pira" meaning "fish" and "urucum" meaning "red". Read more HERE.







COMMON TWO-BANDED SEABREAM Diplodus vulgaris can reach a length of about 45 centimetres (18 in) with maximum recorded weight of 1.3 kilograms (2.9 lb). Body is generally grey-silver, with two well-defined vertical black bands, one close to the gills and one in the rear of the body, just before the base of the caudal fin. Another black stripe, less pronounced, is present near the eyes. There are golden lines along the body, typically on the back.




SWORDFISH . (Xiphias gladius; from Greek ξίφος: sword, and Latin gladius: sword), also known as broadbills in some countries, are large, highly migratory, predatory fish characterized by a long, flat bill. They are a popular sport fish of the billfish category, though elusive.  Read more about swordfish HERE.






HUMPHEAD WRASSE.  (Cheilinus undulatus) is a s[ecies of wrasse mainly found on coral reefs in the Indo-Pacific region. It is also known as the Maori  wrasseNapoleon wrasseNapoleon fishNapoleonfishso mei 蘇眉 (Cantonese), mameng (Filipino), and merer in the Pohnpeian language of the Caroloine Islands.

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